Follow-up interviews


To cite or reference this content, please use the following reference:

Haake, A. B. (2010). Music listening in offices: Balancing internal needs and external considerations (Doctoral thesis, University of Sheffield, Sheffield) accessed from


In order to find out more about the effects of music during the field experiment, follow- up interviews were designed and carried out four months later with 11 participants.

The interview schedules were semi-structured and designed with two main objectives in mind: 1) to increase insight into the difference between pre-experiment measures and experiment measures by exploring other influencing factors, 2) to obtain more detailed insight into the effect of music and individual differences.


Three main categories of response emerged: 1) positive experiences, 2) negative experiences, 3) views on music’s perceived compatibility with working.

Different factors were mentioned that could influence whether music listening during the experiment was distracting or concentration- enhancing:

  • Musical structure
  • Lyrics
  • Musical training
  • Environmental associations
  • Previous listening habits
  • Work related interruptions
  • Task complexity
  • Sense of control


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