Intervention results


To cite or reference this content, please use the following reference:

Haake, A. B. (2010). Music listening in offices: Balancing internal needs and external considerations (Doctoral thesis, University of Sheffield, Sheffield) accessed from



Overall, the study showed no overall effects of music listening on mood, work performance or satisfaction-related measures. However, the results showed that these variables were positively correlated during the music listening conditions, and negatively correlated to stress, anxiety and environmental interference.

Analysis of individual differences

To examine variations in participant responses to music listening conditions, differences in scores between music listening conditions (all day listening and break listening) and control condition (no listening) were calculated for all dependent measures. Correlations between score differences of the measures were examined as well as correlations between score differences and individual background variables.

Visual representation of correlations among variables while listening to music in the office

Dark green arrows: positive correlations all day condition score differences. Light green arrows: positive correlations break listening score differences. Dark red arrows: negative correlations all day score differences. Light red arrows: negative correlations break listening score differences. Thicker arrows indicate p<.01, thinner arrows indicate p <.05


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